This document describes the principles, framework and approach toward energy resilience. Specifically, this document provide: ‒ a definition of energy resilience consistent with ISO 22300 (for example, Energy Resilience: ability of an energy supply chain to absorb and adapt in a changing environment). ‒ a set of essential organizational qualities of an energy supply chain required to achieve energy resilience for communities, nations and regions. ‒ a framework and concept of “Energy resilience” for any organizations to reduce unexpected adverse impact on an energy supply chain and adapt to changes in the operating environment.This is sometimes referred to as a ‘Build Back Better’ objective, especially after an energy supply disruption incident caused by natural or man-made disasters, or other crises. Energy resilience aims to enable the provision of stable energy supply during and after significant changes in operating environments, including disasters. ‒ framework for involving community, national and regional stakeholders to enhance recognition of energy supply risk context, fostering social capital (trust, participation and collaboration), and embracing a polycentric governance model for enhancing energy resilience. ‒ principles for recognizing and understanding social and technological contexts; and fostering social capital such as trust, broad participation and collaborative stakeholder networks. ‒ principles for improving the robustness, connectivity, redundancy, response diversity and functional diversity of an energy supply chain to enhance energy resilience. ‒ principles for encouraging knowledge sharing, learning and adaptation at all steps in the energy supply chain involving all stakeholders, including organizational change needed to fit new developments in energy supply chain technologies and market demands. ‒ principles for ensuring the structure of collaborative organizations involved in the supply chain have a good ‘fit’ with the structure of the built systems. ‒ principles for managing complexity, for example adopting mental models that acknowledge the complex adaptive systems nature of an infrastructure-dependent system being governed. Understand that linear, reductionist thinking (which is common in supply chains) is often a root cause of erosion of resilience. ‒ preparedness for supply chain surprises, disruptions and disasters ‒ enhancement and improvement of energy resilience This document is to provide framework and concept of “Energy resilience” to any organizations to reduce adversely impact and achieve the Build Back Better from incident caused by natural and human made disasters. This document aims to provide a framework and principles of “Energy resilience” that can be utilized by any organizations in the energy supply chain, responders and the responsible authorities, to reduce adverse impacts of high consequence risk events including protection of society and communities. Energy resilience enables the provision of stable energy supply during and after an incident. The scope of this document will include broad resilience engineering and management principles applicable to a socio-technical energy supply chain but will not include guidance on the implementation of these principles for specialized engineering purposes. For example, engineering details about power generation systems, power grids and transmission systems, and backup generators are not included.